Erasmus is an exchange program for Higher Education funded by the European Commission. It encompasses the entire European Union and, since 2014, any participating countries (and their universities). Erasmus allows students from universities, which have signed Erasmus bilateral agreements with Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu - National Louis University, to study at WSB-NLU for one or two semesters as part of their degree courses. It encompasses the entire European Union and, since 2014, any participating countries (and their universities). Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu- National Louis University has a number of exchange agreements with institutions all over the world. Students from these institutions are welcome to study at WSB-NLU within the framework of the Erasmus + Exchange Program. International students of WSB-NLU can also participate in this program and spend one or two semesters in one of WSB-NLUs partner universities all over the European Union (subject to completing the application process). The academic, professional, social, personal and cultural benefits of participating in the Erasmus + program are magnificent. It can be a challenge to live far away from home and study in different country but from the other way it can offer you a opportunity to travel, meet new friends, to learn new cultures, study subjects that may be unique at your home university.

If you are interested in coming to WSB-NLU as an Erasmus Exchange Student, visit your Academic Tutor or your Erasmus Coordinator at your home institution to apply. We will send you a letter confirming that you have a place as an Erasmus student and informing you of the start date of the program.

How to participate?

Are you interested in studying abroad in the academic year 2016/2017 as a part of an ERASMUS+ program?

To study abroad with an ERASMUS+ program you have to:

  • Study at the university which takes part in the program – it means that it holds the Erasmus Charter for Higher Education issued by the European Commission and conducts a student exchange program in the particular academic year
  • Be registered at the first-cycle, engineering or second-cycle studies.

Where can you go?

For studies:
You can go to a university which has partnerships with your university as a part of an ERASMUS+ program (an inter-institutional agreement between the receiving and sending universities must be signed).

For an internship:
You can go to a foreign enterprise, organization or institution in the country participating in the program.

How high is the Erasmus Scholarship?

The scholarship granted for studying or working abroad depends on the country to which the student is departing. In the academic year 2016/2017, depending on the country, a monthly scholarship rate is 300, 400 or 500€ in the case of studying abroad and 400, 500 or 600€ in the case of working abroad.

Before you apply for the scholarship:

If you decide to participate in the ERASMUS+ program, at the beginning you should familiarize yourself with the qualification rules for the Erasmus Scholarship (in the academic year 2016/2017). You can find them at the website: www.erasmusprogramme.com
Look for information about:

  • The universities which signed the agreement with your university for the particular academic year
  • The application deadlines
  • The criteria of qualification
  • The documents required for applying for the scholarship
  • The documents confirming a required foreign language knowledge

Learn more!

Before you apply for the scholarship, learn more about the university that you would like to go to.

  • Visit the website of the chosen university which signed the agreement with WSB-NLU
  • Find basic information for the ERASMUS+ incoming students
  • Find out in what language the classes at the faculty holding the agreement with WSB-NLU are conducted
  • Check the course catalogue
  • Learn which document confirming a knowledge of foreign language is required from the ERASMUS+ incoming students (some universities require the international certificate confirming a foreign language knowledge at C1 level!)

Pay close attention to monthly costs of living in a particular city.

The generally required documents for the recruitment process:

  1. The application form accompanied by an indication of a foreign university
  2. CV in English (Europass format)
  3. The motivational letter with an explanation for choosing a particular foreign university
  4. The transcript of records
  5. The document confirming a foreign language knowledge*

*The Recruitment Committee decides what documents are required to evaluate the language competence of a candidate. Generally, the certificate confirming a language knowledge at least at B2 level is required verified by the exam passed at WSB-NLU, or the international certificate. A conditional admission is possible when the candidate declares that he obtains the certificate before a departure (these agreements must be made directly with the foreign university).

I just qualified. What’s next?

  1. After the verification of qualified students’ personal data, the International Relations Office will contact you via e-mail (the address you provided) and send you information about further procedures and partner universities.
  2. The International Relations Office prepares a useful guide – ‘How to be successful during your studies abroad?’ . It will be available on our website.

If you have any questions or concerns, contact us: international@wsb-nlu.edu.pl


ECTS (The European Credit Transfer System) makes teaching and learning in higher education more transparent across Europe and facilitates the recognition of all studies. The system allows for the transfer of learning experiences between different institutions, greater student mobility and more flexible routes to gain degrees. It also aids curriculum design and quality assurance.

Nowy Sącz School of Business – National-Louis University (WSB-NLU) introduced the ECTS in 2000. The ECTS credits are granted to all students taking part in WSB-NLU programmes elements.

How are the ECTS credits calculated and distributed?

Each course is characterized by  a specific learning outcomes, which describe what a student is expected to know, understand and able to do after successful completion of a process of learning. Moreover, there is information of the types of applied activities to acquire certain knowledge and skills (lecture, class, conversatorium, seminar), as well as the assessed workload.

Workload indicates the time students typically need to complete all learning activities (such as lectures, seminars, classes, student training, final tests and examinations) required to achieve the expected learning outcomes ( see an example below) . 1 ECTS credit is assigned to 25-30 h of student’s individual work. The curricula are prepared in such a way that the workload needed within one academic year equals 60 credit points.


Module (course): Microeconomics (EKO 121.A)

Learning activities

Hours   students typically need to complete learning activities

Hours in class


Own work


Office hours


The sum


ECTS credits



1 ECT is worth 25-30 hours workload. Own work concerns. preparing for exams, lectures, mainly reading books, additional materials, and preparing homeworks

The workload of a student is systematically monitored. The estimation of an average student workload is verified through student questionnaires. If the assessment of workload for a given subject proves to be wrong, according to the results of student questionnaires, all necessary changes and  modifications are introduced into the study programme.

Grading system

As the ECTS credits reflect the quantity of work, ECTS grades represent the quality of work. ECTS grading scale has been developed in order to help institutions to transpose grades into their own evaluation system. In the case of WSB-NLU (cooperation with National-Louis University and offering Bachelor of Arts in Business Administration programme) three different trading scales are united.

The grading scale of the WSB-NLU is adjusted to the ECTS and NLU grading scale as follows:





Outstanding performance




Very good



Good plus






Satisfactory plus











According to WSB-NLU evaluation standards (guidelines), students usually achieve following grades in relation to their course performance:




























Course catalogue - fall semester


WSB-NLU Course description

Fundamentals of Accounting  RAH 233.A


The course applies basic accounting principles related to sole proprietorships and merchandising companies. Students learn business accounting cycle procedures related to journalizing, posting, adjusting entries, closing entries, and preparing financial statements.





Composition 1  OGL 072.A.1


The course aims to improve writing skills for producing lengthy academic or professional texts. The types of texts analyzed and written in the course include a summary, a press release, developing a narrative, and writing a detailed report. By practicing various forms of writing in the classroom and as homework, students enrich their writing craftsmanship, style, and linguistic correctness.





Critical and Creative Thinking  ZIM 115.A


The course enables students to think critically and creatively to make a bold presentation and defense of their own opinions, as well as for professional issues. Students learn to integrate knowledge from various fields to create innovative solutions to problems. Students identify principles and criteria used in solving problems in an organization. Students prepare and deliver audio-visual presentations in the scope of management and write summaries.





Operations Management  MAT 242.1


The course presents a blend of concepts from industrial engineering, cost accounting, general management, quantitative methods, and statistics. It covers production and operation activities, such as forecasting, choosing the location for an office or plant, allocating resources, designing products and services, scheduling activities, and assuring quality.




Spreadsheet Applications  INF 252.A.3


The course enables students to choose and manage human, material, financial, and information resources in order to effectively and efficiently accomplish managerial tasks. Students learn standard statistical methods and IT tools used for gathering, analyzing, and presenting economic and social data. Students participate in strategic decision-making processes and propose settlements using advanced decision-making support tools, and use advanced techniques for gathering, analyzing, and presenting data for an organization.





Human Resource Management ZIM 213.A.3


The course explains the role of the human resource function in managing an organization. Key functions such as recruitment, selection, development, appraisal, retention, compensation, and labor relations are examined. Implications of legal and global environments are appraised and current issues such as diversity training, sexual harassment policies, and rising benefit costs are analyzed. Students encounter practical situations and problem solving regarding areas of employee counseling, discipline and termination. Other critical areas of training and development, staffing, and strategy are also explored.





Fundamentals of Finance  FIN 161.A.1


The course addresses the financial aspects of a business: financing operations, combinations, and the organization of a business. Students learn how the financial function of a business relates to the financial community.






Market Research and Analysis ZIM 211/212.A.5


The course prepares students to conduct market analyses and marketing research. Students acquire skills for the effective and efficient planning and implementation of marketing research studies. Students learn research methodology and how to access databases to enable them to design studies, collect and analyze data, interpret the results, and use the information for making market-oriented decisions.





Intellectual Property Protection  ZIM 218.A.1


The course presents basic information on the protection of intellectual property with regard to copyright and industrial property rights, the scope of laws and treaties, and the main concepts and institutions related to the protection of intellectual property.






Negotiations  ZIM 311.A.1 


The course deals with the theory and processes of negotiation so that students are enabled to negotiate successfully in a variety of settings. Concepts are applied from a variety of academic fields, including business, law, and psychology.  Tools for negotiation preparation and analysis will be used to develop skills that prepare students for their future roles as managers and professionals.  Since negotiation requires individual abilities and not just intellectual understanding, these skills are practiced in the classroom.





Company Valuation SFIN 566.A


The course focuses on valuation of the company on the capital markets, which is essential in privatization processes as well as in mergers, acquisitions and ownership changes resulting from the sharing of property, inheritance, divorce, etc. Students learn to integrate knowledge from the fields of financial accounting, managerial accounting, macroeconomics, forecasting, and financial markets. In particular, the students deal with the following issues:

1. Valuation methods that show the company’s profitability.

2. Application of the iterative method DCF-i-DCF.

3. Valuation of the company by various methods: multi-factor approach, transaction, and market sector.

4. Forecasting and constructing pro forma financial documents - application of the IFPS model (interactive financial planning system).






Business Ethics and Technology OGL 476.1.A


This course applies basic ethical principles to develop the concepts of responsible business conduct and define the characteristics of a responsible business enterprise.  The course deals with not only the ethical ramifications of economic transactions, but also issues involving interpersonal relationships and those arising from technological advances. Concepts are applied from a variety of fields, including business, law, philosophy, ecology, engineering, informatics, and psychology.  Emphasis is placed on the challenges faced by business enterprises to achieve global standards of ethical performance.






Psychology in Management OGL 572.1.A


The course deals with the theories and methods that managers can use to improve the functioning of people in the workplace and therefore benefit not only the workers, but also the organization.  This includes identifying, selecting, and training employees who will perform well and feel positive about their work. The course focuses on understanding the psychological bases of management and the application of that knowledge to help managers enable their workers to optimize their contribution to organizational excellence.





Concepts of Management ZIM 423.A.2



The course focuses on the changing conditions of the enterprises in the market economy, which is becoming a knowledge-based and innovation economy. Such an understanding of the economy fundamentally differs from the "traditional" economy, which has focused its attention on capital, labor, energy and raw materials. Currently, the so-called knowledge society emphasizes the importance of intellectual capital and intellectual assets such as intangible resources, describing them as quasi-factors of production, where knowledge and its utilization play a key role. Useful knowledge that is difficult to reproduce is seen as a key element of the company's competitive advantage, hence it becomes important to diagnose the process of its acquisition, location, transfer, and use in the enterprise. Therefore, the theme of the course is focused on the intangible aspects of the operation of enterprises, i.e., the concepts of knowledge management, intellectual capital management, innovation management, and the learning organization; and the practical application of these concepts.








Strategic Management ZIM 414.2.

Początek formularza

This capstone course gives students practice in making and analyzing strategic decisions that require integration of the functional areas of the organization.

The course especially focuses on how to make business strategy decisions in a dynamic environment.




Global Business in Local Culture WZIM 425.A


The course focuses on the cultural phenomena and social mechanisms that influence the style of management and leadership and are also partly responsible for the success or decline of entrepreneurship in various countries. Students learn the social and cultural conditions that are necessary for strong competitiveness and innovativeness of local economies. The main cultural determinants of economic and business environment that will be discussed in this course are: administrative and legal regulations, race, gender, (the role of women in society), inequality (of opportunity and of wealth), and religion. Management as a discipline was developed and is still being dominated by the Anglo-Saxon culture. Therefore, the “competitive advantage” of foreign graduates in the international labor market can be greatly improved when they are able to use the same cultural references as well-educated British and American colleagues. Consequently, the well-known plays of Shakespeare will be treated as business cases in leadership and management, enhanced by analysis of classic classes of heroes from Greek mythology. The course will also include comparative analysis of Asian and Western perspectives, as influencing business activity.





Fundamentals of Law OGL 378.A.1


The course is an introduction to jurisprudence, knowledge of the legal system and its categories, and elements of knowledge from selected branches of law. Laws are standards that regulate various issues. Thus, knowledge of the features and functions of law, the rules of legislation, and enforcement of the law are essential. The course presents, in a systematic way, the most important concepts of law, jurisprudence, and the issues related to the creation, use, and application of law. 




Course catalogue - spring semester

WSB-NLU Course Description

SPRING 2016/17


FIN 361.2.A.2   Corporate Finance


This is a course with a rich and diverse set of problems presented . The core of the course is 5 topics : ( 1 ) introduction to the financial documents of the company, ( 2 ) the valuation of investment projects , ( 3 ) long-term financing sources , ( 4 ) short-term financial decisions , ( 5 ) the return and risk.

The first part is devoted to the analysis of financial statements. The second part deals with the present value of net discounting cash flow and capital budgeting . In the next section discusses the raising of capital, capital structure , valuation of stocks and bonds . The fourth part presents the issues related to short-term financial management : money management , credit and inventory . Finally, the last part discusses the relationship of exchange between the expected return and risk , portfolio theory , the securities market, and the cost of capital .



OGL 371/372.A.4 Commercial Law I

Introduces the legal principles underlying standard business transactions and the legal instruments involved: contracts, agencies, partnerships, corporations, property (real and personal), and the Uniform Commercial Code (sales, negotiable instruments, and secured transactions).



RAH 323.A.2 International Accounting


The course in International Accounting is designed to develop student’s abilities in using financial statements originating from different countries. The first step is to recognize causes for differences in economies that lead to different accounting systems. The review of main accounting principles and practices is conducted. The ultimate aim is the presentation of The International Accounting and Financial Reporting Standards.  After completion of this course, students should be able to use financial statements of the enterprises, which are prepared according to different accounting principles and in line with International Accounting Standards.



ZIM 214.2.A Computer Simulation in Business

The participants of the course, holding information about the market environment make decisions on individual areas of the company , becoming mutually opponents on a simulated computer market. The accuracy of decisions depends on the ability to correct and timely assess the company by the interpretation of the available information . This course forms the ability to analyze market behavior of customers and competition, marketing planning and management of the company. The classes are taught using simulation and decision-making games. The participants acquire the skills to design , implement and control marketing strategy,  using the categories of practical action .



ZIM 317.A.2 International Management

This course provides an understanding of how business firms manage international operations. It explores how a manager's role and decisions need to adapt as the company goes beyond a single national boundary. The course explores only the socio- cultural environment abroad, but also the organizational problems that result from attempting to integrate and coordinate a complex set of operations worldwide. This course includes subtopics such as overseas market selection, planning, product adaptation, channel selection, pricing behavior, promotion strategy, exporting and importing.



EKO 221.A.2 International Commercial Relations

The essence of the course is to present the theoretical and practical fundamentals of international economic relations and the recognition of the major trends in the world economy with a particular focus on: economic globalization, integration processes and competitiveness. One of the most important elements of the course is to describe the specifics of the global currency market.

The main objective of the course is to make the students aware of the growing strength of international links and to draw their attention to the seriousness of the problems raised by the subject in the context of business management.



INF 251.A.2  Introduction to Data Base Management


The course is devoted to database systems. Students learn how data is stored, presented and how to search for data in modern relational database systems. Students also learn how to design and implement desktop databases. Furthermore, they learn the characteristics of big server database systems, data warehouses and OLAP.



OGL 073.A.1  Composition II


Second in a sequence of composition courses, it offers students further practice in expository writing, including persuasive writing and preparing, researching and drafting research papers.



RAH 231/232.A.3 Financial Accounting 1,2


The lectures and exercises present the aspects of theoretical and practical basis of accounting. Their knowledge is essential to understand the mechanisms of financial accounting, which is a fundamental issue of the course. Financial accounting is presented as a practical tool for recording economic events , accounts of various activities , in particular production , trade and services and the source of information outside the company.



SMD 204.A.3 International Relations


The course introduces the essentials of International Relations and contributes to understanding of the global developments and problems. The course is divided into two major sections. The first section (classes 1-4) introduces students with major analytical perspectives and concepts in analyzing international politics and foreign policy of states. In this section of the course it is intended to facilitate the knowledge of IR as a social science discipline and its major approaches, factors and actors (levels of analysis) in examination of global politics.  An attention will also be devoted to the interaction of political and economic aspects in the contemporary global politics. During the second part of the course (classes 5-15) students focus on the empirical (case) analysis of foreign policy of various counties (US, European countries, China and others) as well as devote attention to major contemporary global problems, such as terrorism, importance of resources, economic development and international organizations During this part of the course, students give presentations on selected aspects of global politics.




ZIM 2015.A.4  International Marketing

An applied course devoted to the extended study of marketing products abroad. Includes subtopics such as overseas market selection, planning, product adaptation, channel selection, pricing behavior, promotion strategy, exporting, and importing. Involves case studies and a problem-solving approach, which accompany the lecture format.



MAT 444.1.A Logistics

This course presents business logistics in terms of its importance to the firm and the economy, the provision of customer service at all levels of the supply chain, and its significance in a global business environment.  Logistics, and its derivative called Supply Chain Management (SCM), deals with the flow of materials and information through a business enterprise.  In its broadest sense, logistics includes (1) product and process forecasting; (2) the planning and controlling of production, inventory, people, and capital assets; (3) the distribution of products and services; and (4) the information services needed to support these activities.  This course emphasizes the integration of logistics functions to enable managers to meet their firm's requirements for excellent customer service, high quality products and processes, time-sensitive competition, low total cost, and flexibility.



SGBM 525.A.1  Neo-manager: Universal Laws of Nature and Business


This course presents a critical overview of laws that were developed in natural sciences and have direct relevance for modern economic reality and management. Thinking managers and entrepreneurs need tools of thought originating not in social, but in natural, sciences. The influence of social sciences has been stronger, but not entirely beneficial for the quality of management and business theory and practice. Exploring the interface between biology, physics, mathematics, statistics and management enables us to build a robust and powerful framework with which you can understand business in the 21st century.



OGL 475.1.A  Civil Law

The course is designed to teach the students to understand the key issues on the basis of existing rules and their impact on everyday life - civil relations .

This assumes the object of awareness of the role , importance and specificity of civil law to other branches of Law . The main goal is to show the proper interpretation of the Civil Law. During the course, the emphasis is put on the independent interpretation of Civil Law based on a solid theoretical basis .



ZIM 425.A.2  Entrepreneurship

In this course, students explore entrepreneurship, its challenges and rewards, and the utilization of entrepreneurial skills in start-ups, franchises, small business, corporate, government, and social enterprise settings. Students engage in the process of generating, evaluating, critiquing, and selecting creative ideas, and identifying further steps for making such ideas come to fruition- in other words, making innovation practical.



ZIM 517.2.A  Process Management

The issue of the object refers to the contemporary changes in the organization of the company. The functional orientation in the organization management is confronted with a new process approach. The issues included in the program relate to the subject not only of creating business-oriented processes, but also by changes related to the reorientation of the existing business . The subject of the course includes the key issues related to defining and identifying the processes , standardization of processes , methods, and techniques of process improvement and management. 


European Policy Statement

Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu – National-Louis University in Nowy Sącz (http://wsb-nlu.edu.pl), Poland, is a non-public university registered by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education and accredited by the State Accreditation Committee. Since 1991 we have successfully been educating young people and helping them pursue their professional ambitions.

WSB-NLU cooperates with numerous universities all over the world. This cooperation mainly includes exchange of students and lecturers, organization of mutual scientific projects, participation in seminars and academic meetings, exchange of scientific publications and academic projects. Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu – National Louis University successfully applied for participation in Erasmus Program in 2001. We also participated in the other programs like LLP Socrates and Tempus Mundus. For years we have sent a lot of students to study abroad and we have hosted a lot of foreign students from for ex. Portugal, Spain, Germany, Turkey, Thailand, Cyprus, Hungary, Austria, Nigeria, India, Bangladesh and many others. The international student exchange is also based on bilateral agreements with China, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Belarus. 

Since the benefits of student and teaching staff exchange are clearly visible, one of the most important University's objectives is development of the Erasmus Program. The University also undertakes lots of measures to attract foreign Erasmus students and lecturers, to propose them the widest range of scientific offer and to help in their adaptation to new environment.

WSB-NLU is going to support the development of University staff both teaching and administrative, in various fields of their activity.
One of the projects that WSB-NLU has actively been involved in since 2007, being its shareholder, is a technological park called MMC Brainville. The purpose of the newly set-up company is to support the transfer of innovation between business circles and academia. This business development centre has been created in order to facilitate and enhance the development of ICT companies, to use the intellectual potential of young people, to create a network encouraging innovation in Poland, and to build the image of the region as a place of world-class innovative projects. 

To arouse student's interest in the Erasmus Program, the University publishes materials regarding the program, on University information boards and the web site. The Erasmus University Charter and the EPS are also displayed in places easily accessible for students. The web site is available in English, Russian and Ukrainian  as well, in order to facilitate access to all the necessary information to foreign students.
The University puts special emphasis on integration of disabled students and staff, who are encouraged to enter the University. They are provided with special innovations that help them adapt to the academic society and to facilitate their movements within the University, such as special elevators, bathrooms, adjusted seats in the classrooms, etc.

1. I. Quality of academic mobility activities:
What kind of specific measures are implemented in the institution to ensure high quality in academic mobility activities?
Details should be provided on recognition and credit systems, the provision of information on curricula, information and counselling of outgoing students, tutoring and integration of incoming students, provision of students services (in particular accommodation), preparatory and refresher language courses, support and acknowledgement of staff mobility.

WSB-NLU puts special emphasis on the highest quality of teaching and scientific research. University's laboratories are equipped with high standard utilities. The students can also use the facilities of MMC Brainville, Technology Park.  A well-developed TV studio, animation laboratories, special effects, postproduction, virtual reality, the object materialization 3D, projecting room with the high-tech sound  and picture system, rendering farm and a huge server room, these are only  some elements of the MMC Brainville, where the theory can be implemented into practice.The University puts special emphasis on preparation of the curricula taught in English, for ex.  Management, IT, Management are taught in English. University develops also inter-faculty and inter-university curricula. According to Polish law, the University has implemented the ECTS, obligatory for all students. A university co-ordinator and co-ordinators at each faculty manage the system. WSB-NLU accepts credits gained by students during their Erasmus stay abroad. The University offers possibility of participation in language courses to outgoing students, while incoming students can join courses in Polish. The courses aim both at studying the language and learning about the country they are going to study in. The full information about curricula is published on WSB-NLU web site in Polish, English and Russian. The site gives information on all the facilities provided by WSB-NLU. Apart from this information, there is an International Relations Office ready to support outgoing and incoming students. Students get full information on universities they want to study at and help in preparation of all documents. The incoming students are assisted in all the formal procedures, in finding accommodation in dormitories and adaptation to new environment, that is supported also by the International Relations Office.

2. III. Quality of student mobility activities.
What kind of specific measures are implemented to ensure high quality in student mobilities? Give details on how the work-program and the mobility agreements are prepared and implemented. Please describe the practical arrangements agreed between the parties. Please specify also the monitoring and evaluation of the mobility(s) period as well as its recognition in the curriculum.

WSB-NLU is going to support student  mobilities as a very important part of students' education. Therefore WSB-NLU encourages its students to take part in the student Exchange program for studies or internship. The University helps its students in finding student internships in Polish and foreign companies, but also intends to persuade them to take part in international student exchange within the Erasmus Program.. The University decides on the criteria of accepting students for the Erasmus exchange program, based on their professional interests, knowledge of languages, GPA and their achievements. 

Each student going abroad for an exchange (SMS or SMP) will be obliged to sign a placement contract, concluded between the University, the company / university inviting and the student. There will also be a training agreement to be signed, which will describe the plan of the internship or Learning Agreement if they go to study. Another important document that the student will be supposed to sign is a standard quality commitment, where he undertakes an obligation to comply with all the rules regarding the mobility.
The University commits itself to recognize the internship period in the curriculum. The placements not provided for in curricula would also be presented in the diploma supplement.
All the information regarding student mobility (SMS or SMP) is easily accessible on the University's web site and information boards.